Articles were included in the regional voxel-based meta-analyses if they provided 1 an explicit brain development sex differences are small in Wyong voxel-based analysis of brain volume or tissue density between typically developing males and females, 2 spatial coordinates for key results, and 3 statistics or effect sizes of key results prFTor Z -statisticseither present in the publication itself or provided by authors.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Indirect effects include different rearing of male versus female offspring, physical constraints due to somatic sex differentiation, and in the case of humans, the impact of sex.
Effects of age and sex on volumes of the thalamus, pons, and cortex. LeVay S. Prepubescent girls, however, excelled at recalling lists of words.
Nat Med. Further, testosterone treatment of female to male transsexuals is not correlated with a change in cardiovascular disease frequency, and testosterone antagonist therapy in men with prostate cancer increases cardiovascular adverse events.
Background to the cellular processes is a medulloblastoma cell with the nucleus in blue and a primary cilium evident in green overlying the nucleus. Microglia instruct subventricular zone neurogenesis. Mol Cancer Ther.
What the laboratory rat has taught us about social play behavior: role in behavioral development and neural mechanisms. Higgins J. Thus, the sex difference only exists during a brief period of life. Lo SC. Gaussian-process regression coordinate-based meta-analysis GPR-CBMA was used for the voxel-based meta-analyses, as this new technique allows for relatively more accurate results by incorporating effect-size estimates from source data Salimi-Khorshidi et al.
Historical overview What seems inherently obvious today—that neuroanatomical substrates contribute to, and at times direct, sex differences in brain and behavior—was not always the case.
McCarthy M. Int Rev Psychiatry. Giedd J.