First, the desires that drive many sex offenders may frequently constitute very severe impediments to autonomy. The crimes that subject first offenders to the mental health evaluation are: 1. Ethical issues surrounding forced, mandated, or coerced treatment. Harvard Law Review.
Thus, though chemical castration is not formally presented as an alternative to further incarceration, it serves as a de facto alternative in the sense that declining to undergo castration increases the likelihood of continued incarceration or re-incarceration.
Self-expression and self-control. Quantitative review of the effects of sex offender treatment on sexual reoffending. Chemical castration is not formally presented as an alternative to incarceration and indeed sentences involving MPA treatment may not be imposed in lieu of, or in return for a reduction of, any other penalty.
Adult sexual offender treatment—is it effective? Therefore, physicians are obligated to very closely monitor any potential treatment complications in sexual offenders undergoing chemical castration. Health to Empower.
Like surgical castration, it initiates andropause a male equivalent of menopause and may result in severe mood instability and, in some cases, clinical depression. Freedom of the will and the concept of a person. It resembles the drug MPA used in America. Douglas received funding from the Wellcome Trust grant number WT It is then difficult to see how offering to shorten the period of incarceration in return for agreement to undergo chemical castration could fail to be justified.
At present, voluntary surgical castration of sex offenders is legal in California, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, and Texas del Busto and Harlow