A real push for this amendment now might affect the treatment of trans people and who is legally seen as a man or a woman. In Virginia, campaigners are pushing the state to ratify the amendment before the legislative session ends on Feb.
Most European constitutions have been updated in the twentieth century to include equal protections for women, but the U. So what protections did American women earn without a constitutional amendment? Inthe Supreme Court in U. For more information: 4ERA. Some believe that the amendment may yet become law if a thirty-eighth state ratifies—the expired deadline notwithstanding.
Which 15 states did not ratify the ERA by June 30, ? Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. The Costa Rican Government asked the Court to give its opinion on whether it had an obligation to extend property rights to same-sex couples, and the Court ruled that it did.
Neither performed nor recognized in American Samoa or some tribal nations. Vietnam's Ministry of Justice began seeking advice on legalizing same-sex marriage from other governmental and non-governmental organizations in April and Mayand planned to further discuss the issue at the National Assembly in Spring Gay Young Dems of Md.
The Washington Post. Retrieved March 22, Finally, the Constitutional Court ruled against the banning of the referendum 5—4 and the referendum was held on 20 December On January 30,the attorneys general of Virginia, Illinois and Nevada filed a lawsuit to require the Archivist of the United States to "carry out his statutory duty of recognizing the complete and final adoption" of the ERA as the Twenty-eighth Amendment to the Constitution.
Baja California. Retrieved January 8,
Stephanie Russell-Kraft is a Brooklyn-based freelance reporter covering the intersections of religion, culture, law, and gender. Advocates argued that the deadline was not constitutionally mandated and could easily be removed by Congress, and they developed a strategy to get three more states to ratify the ERA.
Stephanie Russell-Kraft srussellkraft. Although both those courts found other reasons for siding with gay marriage couples, they both explicitly rejected arguments that a ban on same-sex marriage constituted gender discrimination.
These questions, once theoretical, are newly relevant with a push to revive the Equal Rights Amendment. We have watched as other countries have added similar gender equality language to their constitutions.